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Hemphill County, Texas Information
As of the 2010 census, the population in Hemphill County, Texas was 3,807 and the county was created in 1876. The county seat is Canadian, and it is the only incorporated community inside the county lines. The county name comes from A Confederate congressman and judge, John Hemphill. The county is also one of only six dry counties in the state.
For the 200 years leading up to 1875, nomadic Indian tribes representing the Apache, Comanche, Kiowa, and others roamed the Panhandle following the huge buffalo herds. In search for an alternate route to California through Santa Fe, New Mexico, Josiah Gregg (1840), and Captain Randolph B. Marcy (1845) surveyed trails that crossed Hemphill County, following the south bank of the Canadian River. The 1874–75 Red River War was an effort by the United States Army to force the Indians of the Southern Plains to move to Indian Territory in present-day Oklahoma. Two major battles took place in what would become Hemphill County: The Battle of Lyman’s Wagon Train and the Battle of Buffalo Wallow. On April 12, 1879, Wheeler County became the first organized county in the Panhandle, with 14 other unorganized counties attached to it, one of which was Hemphill County. On July 4, 1888, the first rodeo in Texas and perhaps the world was held on the Main Street of Canadian, Texas. It began as a competition among some of the larger ranches in the area the annual Fourth of July Rodeo continues in present times. An emphasis on ecotourism, taking advantage of the landscape and habitat, has diversified the economy of Hemphill County. In 1886, the Southern Kansas Railway Company, a Santa Fe subsidiary, began to build a rail line into the Panhandle of Texas. The tracks entered Hemphill County during 1887 and further encouraged settlement in the area, creating three town sites: Mendota, Canadian, and Glazier. In 1907, Canadian was designated a division point by the Santa Fe, a factor which brought diversification to the previously ranching economy of the area. The Santa Fe influence would remain very strong until the mid-1950s when the railway moved its employees to Amarillo. Meanwhile, Hemphill County was roughly the midway point of two smaller lines, the Clinton, Oklahoma, and Western Railroad Company and the Clinton-Oklahoma-Western Railroad Company of Texas, which by the late 1920s, collectively linked Clinton, Oklahoma, with Pampa, Texas. During the 1970s, the county grew due to a rapid expansion of oil production. Though oil was discovered in the county in 1955, production remained relatively small because the technology had not yet progressed to efficiently capture the very deep reserves known to exist. By 1974, oil production had reached 999,000 barrels and more than 1,891,000 bbl. in 1978. In 2000, about 505,000 bbl. of oil and more than 8 billion cubic feet of natural gas were produced in the county, but the future looked very bright.
The total area of the county is 906 square miles of land, plus six square miles of water. The county is also homer to the nationally protected Black Kettle National Grassland. Adjacent counties are:
Hemphill County, Texas Sheriff Information
Nathan Lewis, Sheriff
Hemphill County Sheriff’s Office
Canadian, TX 79014
As of 2013, Hemphill County ranked #150 in the state with 81 crimes reported during the year. That equates to 1,929.9 crimes per 100,000.
A total of 12 officers serve an estimated population of 3,720.
Hemphill County Jail
400 Main St
Canadian, Texas, 79014.
Hemphill County Court Information
Judge George Briant , Hemphill County Judge
Hemphill County Courthouse
400 Main Street, Suite 200
Canadian, TX 79014
Hemphill County Clerk Information
Lisa Johnson, County Clerk and District Clerk
P.O. Box 867
400 Main Street, Suite 203
Canadian, TX 79014
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|Hemphill County Jail Population Report|
|Data Collected Fri, 1 Nov 2019 00:00:10 UTC from the Texas Commission on Jail Standards|
|Convicted Felons Sentenced County||0|
|Parole Violators New Charge||0|
|Convicted Sjf Sentenced County||0|
|Convicted Sjf Sentenced State||0|
|Percent Of Capacity||33.33|
Hemphill County Texas Sheriff Office Address: 401 E Purcell Ave, Canadian, TX 79014, United States
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