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Gonzales County, Texas Information
Gonzales County, Texas had a population of 19,807 as of the 2010 census, and the county seat is the city of Gonzales. The county was established in 1836. A chronology of significant events follows:
Paleo-Indians Hunter-gatherers were here thousands of years ago; the later Coahuiltecan, Tonkawa, and Karankawa migrated into the area in the 14th century but lost much of their population by the 18th century due to new infectious diseases contracted by contact with European explorers. The historic Comanche and Waco tribes later migrated into the area and competed most with European American settlers of the nineteenth century.
1519–1685 Hernando Cortez and Alonso Álvarez de Pineda claim Texas for Spain.
1685–1690 France plants its flag on Texas soil, but departs after only five years.
1821 Mexico won its independence from Spain. Citizens of the United States began to settle in Texas and were granted Mexican citizenship.
1825 – Green DeWitt’s petition for a land grant to establish a colony in Texas is approved by the Mexican government. Gonzales is established and named for Rafael Gonzales, governor of Coahuila y Tejas.
1828 When Jean Louis Berlandier visits, he finds settler cabins, a fort-like barricade, agriculture and livestock, as well as nearby villages of Tonkawa and Karankawa.
1829, September 15 – Mexican President Vicente Ramon Guerrero, a former slave of Spanish, African and Native American descent, emancipates all slaves within the Republic of Mexico.
1831 The Coahuila y Tejas government sends a six-pound cannon to Gonzales for settlers’ protection against Indian raids.
1835 – The colony sends delegates to conventions (1832–1835) to discuss disagreements with Mexico. September – The Mexican government views the conventions as treason. Troops are sent to Gonzales to retrieve the cannon. October 2 – The Battle of Gonzales becomes the first shots fired in the Texas Revolution. The colonists put up armed resistance, with the cannon pointed at the Mexican troops, and above it a banner proclaiming, “Come and take it”. Commemoration of the event becomes the annual “Come and Take It Festival”. October 13 – December 9 – Siege of Bexar becomes the first major campaign of the Texas Revolution.
1836 – Gonzales County is established. February 23 – Alamo messenger Launcelot Smithers carries to the people of Gonzales, the Colonel William Barret Travis letter stating the enemy is in sight and requesting men and provisions. February 24 – Captain Albert Martin delivers to Smithers in Gonzales the infamous “Victory or Death” Travis letter addressed “To the People of Texas and All Americans in the World” stating the direness of the situation. Smithers then takes the letter to San Felipe, site of the provisional Texas government. February 27 – The Gonzales Alamo Relief Force of 32 men, led by Lieutenant George C. Kimble, depart to join the 130 fighters already at the Alamo.
March 1 – The Gonzales “Immortal 32” make their way inside the Alamo.
March 2 – Texas Declaration of Independence from Mexico establishes the Republic of Texas.
March 6 – The Alamo falls.
March 13–14 – Susanna Dickinson, the widow of the Alamo defender Almaron Dickinson, arrives in Gonzales with her daughter Angelina and Colonel Travis’ slave Joe. Upon hearing the news of the Alamo, Sam Houston orders the town of Gonzales torched to the ground and establishes his headquarters under a county oak tree.
April 21–22 – Battle of San Jacinto, Antonio López de Santa Anna captured.
May 14 – Santa Anna signs the Treaties of Velasco.
1838 Gonzales men found the town of Walnut Springs (later Seguin) in the northwest section of the county.
1840 Gonzales men join the Battle of Plum Creek against Buffalo Hump and his Comanches.
1845, December 29 – Texas Annexation by the United States.
1846, May 13 – The United States Congress officially declares war on Mexico.
1848, February 2 – Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo officially ends the Mexican–American War.
1850 Gonzales College is founded by slave-owning planters and is the first institution in Texas to confer A.B. degrees on women.
1853 The Gonzales Inquirer begins publication.
1860 County population is 8,059, including 3,168 slaves.
1861 – County votes 802–80 in favor of secession from the Union.
February 1 – Texas secedes from the Union.
March 2 – Texas joins the Confederate States of America.
January 1 – Abraham Lincoln announces the Emancipation Proclamation, declaring all slaves in Confederate held territory to be free.
December – The Confederacy commissions Fort Waul and constructs it with slave labor.
1865 – The main Confederate armies east of the Mississippi surrender in April, virtually ending the American Civil War. The Confederate military forces in Texas follow suit in May, as the units either surrender or simply disband. The soldiers return to their homes.
June 19 – Major General Gordon Granger arrives in Galveston to enforce the emancipation of all slaves. It is the first time African Americans in Texas know of the Emancipation. The date becomes celebrated annually in Texas as Juneteenth, and later as an official state holiday known as Emancipation Day.
December 6 – The Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution prohibits slavery.
1866–1876 The Sutton–Taylor feud, which involves outlaw John Wesley Hardin, and is reportedly the bloodiest and longest in Texas history. Hardin’s men are known to have stayed in the community of Pilgrim.
1870, March 30 – The United States Congress readmits Texas into the Union.
1874 The Galveston, Harrisburg and San Antonio Railway is built through the eastern and northern part of the county.
1877 The Texas and New Orleans Railway comes to the county.
1881 The Gonzales Branch Railroad is chartered.
1885 The San Antonio and Aransas Pass Railway runs through the county.
1894 John Wesley Hardin is released from prison and returns to Gonzales, where he passes the bar exam and practices law.
1898 Twenty-three county men serve, with two casualties, during the Spanish–American War. Three served with the Rough Riders.
1905 The Southern Pacific line bypasses the community of Rancho.
World War I – 1,106 men from the county serve.
1935 – Governor James Allred dedicates a monument in the community of Cost, commemorating the first shot of the Texas Revolution. Sculptress is Waldine A. Tauch.
1936 Palmetto State Park opens to the public.
1939 The Gonzales Warm Springs Foundation opens for the treatment of polio.
World War II – 3,000 men from Gonzales County serve, with 79 casualties.
The total area of the county is 1,070 square miles, of which 1,067 square miles is land and 3.2 square miles is water. Adjacent counties are:
Fayette County (northeast)
Lavaca County (east)
Dewitt County (southeast)
Karnes County (southwest)
Wilson County (southwest)
Guadalupe County (west)
Caldwell County (northwest)
Gonzales County, Texas Sheriff Information
Sheriff Matt Atkinson
1713 E Sarah DeWitt Dr
PO Box 1757
Gonzales, TX 78629
24 Hour Non-Emergency: (830) 672-6524
Crime Tips: (830) 672-8477
Gonzales County Sheriff’s Office recognizes that no law enforcement agency can operate at its maximum potential without the support of the citizens that it serves. To accomplish this goal, the Sheriff’s Office actively solicits and encourages the cooperation of all citizens.
As of 2013, Gonzales County ranked #49 in the state with 681 crimes reported during the year. That equates to 3,369.1 crimes per 100,000.
Gonzales County Jail
1713 Sarah DeWitt Drive
Gonzales, Texas 78629
Gonzales County Court Information
Judge David Bird, County Judge
414 St. Joseph Street, Suite 200
Gonzales, Texas 78629
Gonzales County Clerk Information
Sylvia Sheffield, County Clerk
427 St. George, Suite 200
Gonzales, TX 78629
Janice Sutton, District Clerk
414 St. Joseph Street, Ste. 300
Gonzales, TX 78629
|Gonzales County Jail Population Report|
|Data Collected Thu, 22 Nov 2018 00:00:13 CST from the Texas Commission on Jail Standards|
|Convicted Felons Sentenced County||1|
|Parole Violators New Charge||2|
|Convicted Sjf Sentenced County||0|
|Convicted Sjf Sentenced State||0|
|Percent Of Capacity||79.17|
Gonzales County Texas Sheriff Office Address: 1713 Sarah Dewitt Dr, Gonzales, TX 78629, United States
City of Gonzales Police DepartmentThursday, November 29th, 2018 at 11:01am
City of Gonzales Police DepartmentThursday, November 22nd, 2018 at 11:35am
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